Tuesday, November 27, 2012

Gowind OPV (Off-shore Patrol Vessel) / Corvette (DCNS)

Gowind OPV / corvette designed & manufactured by DCNS. Gowind entry level / demonstrator, OPV L'Adroit now under trial with French Navy. It's main mission is fisheries protection, maritime safety & security. Key of advances design are aft boat ramps, panoramic bridges, single enclosed mast & Polaris smart mission system. Gowind OPV / corvette will extend area of surveillance & automatic detection of suspicious behaviour of other ships.
Gowind family ship is a family of ships with some common systems & design elements and designed for in-shore patrol needs to heavy corvette or light frigate designs. It shape was designed for stealth feature with improved radar cross section signature.


Gowind length around 85mm to 107mm with displacement between 1,000 tones to 3,000 tones. It can going out for a mission with 3 weeks blue-water endurance, 8,000 nautical miles range. Maximum speed of Gowind is 21 knots - 28 knots.
It's can accommodate a helicopter, UAV & a crew of 50 - 75 persons.

Panoramic bridge was built for 360 degrees visibility with single enclosed mast for radar for extended area surveillance. Gowind was designed using steel mono hull design. It was design for simplicity & easy customer for costuming based on customer requirement and fabricate in local shipbuilding under Transfer of Technologies (TOT) agreement.


Gowind class OPV / corvette mission is for anti-piracy, sea control & denial, combat, counter-terrorism, anti-smuggling, oil & gas platform protection, search & rescue, fisheries protection etc.

Command & Control Systems

SETIS Combat Management System was fitted in Gowind Class OPV / corvettes. SETIS designed was incorporates with COTS (commercial-of-the-shelf) open system architecture. For anti-submarine, VDS sonar (Thales) with towed array sonar which integrated with 2 triple torpedo launcher was fitted. Thales Captas family was used for hull sonar.
Thales SMART-S Mk2 3D multiple beam radar fitted for ship navigation system. Rheinmetall TMEO Mk2 / EO used for electro-optical, tracking & fire control radar.

Weapon Systems

Gowind OPV / corvette equipped with water cannon, 12.7 mm remotely controlled guns, 20 mm guns, 76mm naval guns, anti-ship missile, ship self defense / air defense system & Electronic Warfare Suite (EWS).
It can be fitted with 12 Vertical Launch cells (DCNS Sylver cells) which can launch MBDA VL MCA air defense missile or Aster 15 Surface-to-Air missiles.
For anti-ship / surface missiles, Exocet MM40 Block II anti-ship missile can be fitted.


Gowind corvette powered by 4 x MTU Diesel engines in CODAD configuration which driven propeller & water-jet system & water-line engine exhaust system for low thermal sign.

Gowind Variants

Gowind OPV / Corvette was designed in a few variants:

1. Gowind Control Corvette / 120 Designs / Sovereign Enforcer
1,000 tones Gowind Control corvette designed for patrol & sovereignty Enforcement in littoral & EEZ. It missions included special forces & commando fast deployment.
The hull length for Gowind Control is 85 m & armed with 76mm cannon and can deploy inflatable boat. ES L'Adroit was designed in Gowind Control corvette for sea trial with French Navy.

2. Gowind Presence Corvette / High Seas Master
2,000 tones Gowind High Seas Master designed for long range intervention and long period at sea (up to 3 weeks). It designed accommodate for helicopter landing deck.

3. Gowind Action Corvette / Deterrent Warrior
Gowind Action corvette was equipped with a suite of anti-air & anti-surface sensors & weapons system. It can be fitted with VL MICA short-range surface-to-air missile & Exocet MM40 anti-ship missile.

4. Gowind Combat / 200 corvette
2,250 tonnes fully armed Gowind Combat can carry 57 mm guns, vertical-launched cells, anti-aircraft, anti-ship missiles & can accommodate a helicopter up to 10 tones weight.

User Countries

ES L'Adroit Gowind OPV already on trial with the French Navy. South Africa also showed interest with Gowind OPV / Corvette ship.

In October 2010, Bousted received LOI from Malaysia government to supply 6 units new SGPV (Second Generation Patrol Vessel). Bousted Naval Shipyard finally awarded a contract to supply 6 units new SGPV for Royal Malaysian Navy worth US $2.6 billion. Bousted chose DCNS Gowind Class OPV / Corvette design for new RMN SGPV. Malaysia become the first Gowind Class paid customer. Competitor for new SGPV during evaluation process including Dutch firm Kamen which offered SIGMA ships (similar with Indonesia SIGMA ship) & Germany TKMS which offered MEKO class ship.
Malaysia Gowind OPV / Corvette ship configuration expected are 109 m length, displacement of 2,750 tones and speed of 29 knots.

It will powered by 4 MTU diesel engines with CODAD configuration & expected to be equipped with Bofors 57 mm Mk 4 gun, 8 x VL Mica launcher, Breda 30mm remote controlled gun.

Friday, November 23, 2012

Sukhoi SU-30 Fighter Jet Series

Sukhoi SU-30 fighter jets was derivative of SU-27 long-range fighter jet. It was based on SU-27PU jet. SU-30 had many variants like SU-30, SU-30 I, SU-30K, SU-30 KI, SU-30 KN, SU-30 M, SU-30MK (which later variants like SU-30 MKK, SU-30 MKI/MKM/MKA, SU-30MK2, SU-30 MKV etc.).

Main role of SU-30 fighter jets is as interceptor, airborne command, multi-role fighter for air superiority & ground / surface attacks. SU-30 series designed by Sukhoi and manufactured by Komsomolsk-on-Amur-Aircraft Production Association (KnAAPO), Irkut Aircraft Production Association (IAPO) & HAL (licensed production of SU-30MKI).

Operators for SU-30 fighter jets are Russia, Algeria, China, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Venezuela & Vietnam.


2-seat interceptor & airborne command post fighter aircraft.  Developed from SU-27PU in the late 1980's. 2-seat SU-27UB combat trainer was the basis for this variant. It was fitted with in-flight refueling probe to increase the aircraft range. Other modifications is avionics changed, fitting special communications & guidance equipment to command flights formation. Large CRT display was fitted for rear cockpit. Navigation  & fly-by-wire system also upgraded. Series production for SU-30 started in 1991.



In 1993, Sukhoi converted SU-30 Interceptor into demonstrator aircraft known as SU-30MK multi-role for export version. MK stand for 'Modernizirovannyi Kommercheskiy (modified commercial) which indicating new version developed for export. Improvement for SU-30MK including upgraded multi-role fire control system, air-to-ground capability to enhanced multi-role mission. Large variety of new guided missiles, guided & unguided bombs was added to armament options.
In air-to-air role, new R-77 (RVV-AE) medium-range active radar homing missile was added as options.

SU-30 K

First prototype (SU-30 I) flown in 1997. The second prototype was flown in 1998. The first batch of SU-30's for India Air Force delivered in 1997 (18 SU-30 K).

SU-30KI Multi-role single-seat 

KnAAPO started developed upgraded version of SU-27SK in 1995 which later known as SU-27MK. Upgrading included improved range & combat effectiveness for multi-role configuration. The first single-seat SU-30KI flown in 1998 which fitted with in-flight re-fueling probe, Satnav receiver, ILS / VOR navigation & landing system & integrated with RVV-AE (R-77) Beyond Visual Range air-to-air missiles.
Next phased of upgrading including advanced avionics, computers, phased array & weapons. It was painted in grey-black-blue and displayed at MAKS 1999 & LIMA 1999.

SU-30KN (Irkutsk)


Developed from SU-27UB 2-seat fighter.SU-30K was upgraded and known as SU-30KN. The first upgraded enables aircraft to operated guided Air-to-Surface & bombs with additional new mission computer, upgrading N001 radar & weapon control system.
The cockpit was equipped with Multi-Function Display and equipped with R-77 (RVV-AE) missile. The upgrading works can enhanced air-to-air capability by convert to phase array antenna.

SU-30MKK (China Multi-role Twin-seater - KnAAPO)

Developed for China configuration by KnAAPO. Equipped with modern multi-function displays & in-flight re-fueling system. Fitted with larger fin based on SU-35 design. New N001VE radar was compatible RVV-AE missile. SU-30MKK can carry a wide range of air-to-air & air-to-surface missiles on 12 hard points. Aircraft weight increased to 38,000 kg by air frame & landing gear strengthening.
In 1999 Sukhoi converted T10PU-5 into first prototype of SU-30MKK.
Indonesia also acquired SU-30MKK version.


Upgraded version of SU-30MKK featuring upgraded communication suite, radar, protection suite etc.

SU-30MKI Multi-role Twin-seater Flankers

India become the first customer of SU-30MK multi-role which later developed into SU-30MKI. SU-30MKI differs substantially from SU-30MK with installation of Saturn AL-31FP thrust vectoring control nozzles engines which able to vector up to 15 degrees (in 2 dimensional) vertical & lateral direction.
New radar NIIP N011 BARS multi-mode phased array radar (previously installed on SU-35/37 prototypes).
IRST (Infra-red Search & Track) system was replaced with an updated version known as OLS-30 (Optic-location System). Head-Up Display (HUD) & navigation system replaced with Sextant Avionics (French).

TV-guided Kh-59M missiles, sub-sonic Kh-31A / AS-17 Krypton multi-role missile. In air-to-air mission with new radar, it can simultaneously attack 4 aerial targets. 

SU-30MKM (Malaysia)

SU-30MKM multi-role Flanker was a variant based on SU-30MKI, tailored to meet Malaysia requirement with regard to it's avionics suite. Israel produced ECM was replaced with Russian & South African systems.
2 SU-30MKI pre-production aircraft served as prototypes for MKM. SU-30MKM was manufactured in Irkutsk and arriving in Malaysia on June 2007.

SU-30MKA (Algeria)

SU-30MKA was based on SU-30MKM/MKI variant featured French avionics including Damocles laser designation & targeting pod.


The latest variant of SU-30MKI/MKM for Russian Air Force. It will be equipped with new radar & new Russian avionics.

Wednesday, November 21, 2012

PT-91 Twardy Main Battle Tank

PT-91 M Pendekar

PT-91 Twardy MBT is a derivation of T-72 main battle tank that's going for modernisation, replacing & upgrading of its's systems. It's derived form T-72 M1 MBT, where later upgrading works with dual-axis stabilised Fire Control System (FCS), ERA protection, more powerful & efficient engine & gun auto loader.
This upgraded version known as T-72 M1Z MBT. The newly upgraded T-72 M1Z gave highly reliable system by having superior fire power, improved crew protection & impressive mobility.

Obrum responsible for design, R&D & upgrading works of T-72 MBT to PT-91 Twardy. Bumar Labedy manufactured PT-91 Twardy.

In 1996, US government try to get Poland in helping for 'Train & Equip' program to equipped Bosnia - Croatia army. Bumar Labedy start manufactured PT-91 since 1993.
In 2002, Malaysia decided to buy 48 modernized PT-91 M Twardy for US $380 million which later known as PT-91 Pendekar MBT (Malaysia specification).

Early model of PT-91 Twardy equipped with 850 HP turbocharged diesel engine for high power & speed. It can reach maximum road speed of 60 km/hr. For low speed maneuvering, low gear provides speed up to 7 km/hr. PT-91 MBT can fording water obstacle up to 5 m depth.

PT-91 MBT equipped with Fire Control System (FCS), where it consist in gunner station. It's use TPDK-1 sight for day & PCN-A (channel passive) sight of Thermal Imaging Sight for night mission capability. Both gunner & commander equipped with day & night vision capability.
Gunner station consists 2-axis stabilized platform with Thermal Imaging Sight & day light visual imaging sub-system, laser range-finder to detect, identify, acquire & track target during day & night missions / conditions.

It's 2-axis stabilized head mirror with 360 degree view allow the crews to acquire target rapidly & destroy multiple targets. The digital computer provides solution for 6 types of ammunition which information generated through up-to-date set on sensors or input from commander.

The crew protection suite was improved using very effective ERA (Explosive Reactive Armor) protection, which offer better protection against chemical energy projectiles.
Automatic fire suppression system will automatically detect any fire inside compartment & using Halon 1301 to suppress fire. For engine compartment, it use Halon 1211 to suppress fire inside the engine.

Laser warning system provides information for laser beams of sights range-finder & missile guiding system & react automatically by firing smoke grenades from two of 6 launcher banks.


Crew            : 3
Main Gun     : 125mm 2A46 Smooth-bore gun with 42 rounds (APFSDS / HEAT / HE / WP ammunition)
Gunner sight range : 200 m - 1000 m for day light & Thermal Imaging System for night sight
Computer system  : 16 bit digital computer
Sensors                : Infra-red sensor detection, temperature sensing fire wire, fire wire extinguishing medium

PT-91 Twardy Variants

1. PT-91A Twardy
An advance version of PT-91. It's power by S-1000 engine (1,000 HP). Manufactured for demonstration.

2. PT-91Z Hardy
An improved version of PT-91A Twardy which was equipped with advance SAVAN-15 Fire Control System

3. PT-91M Pendekar
An export variant for Malaysia which equipped with enhanced 125 mm smooth-bore gun, S-1000 engine (1,000 HP) French Fire Control System, communication system & hydro-pneumatic transmission.

4. PT-91 E/Ex
An export variant to different countries

5. PT-91P
An advanced variant of PT-91 E/Ex. It's manufactured for demonstration only.

Thursday, November 15, 2012

JAS-39 Gripen Lightweight Multirole Fighter

JAS-39 Gripen is a canard-winged successor to the Saab-37 Viggen (Thunderbolt (1971-2005). It's designed as 4th generation fighters (lightweight fighter) aircraft. Gripen can category in world class performance & economics operational cost.

Development Progress

Swedish government initiated for initial contract to developed of JAS-39 in 1982. In 1988, the first flight of Gripen prototype was begin. The first Gripen delivered to Swedish Air Force (A/B model) was in 1993.
Swedish government signed a contract with IG JAS for development of Gripen C/D model.

The first export customer for JAS-39 C/D was South Africa Air Force, which purchase for 26 JAS-39 C/D. In 2001, Hungary leased 14 JAS-39 A/B Gripen which later amended it for lease-for-buy of JAS-39 C/D in 2003. Czech Republic leased for 14 JAS-39 C/D in 2004.

In 2007, Swedish FMV approves development of JAS-39 NG DEMO (E/F). In the same year, SAAB chose Thales RBE2 AA AESA radar for Gripen Demo. Later development saw Dassault buys a significant stake in Thales, which later terminate RBE2 AA AESA joint-development with SAAB for JAS-39 NG. SAAB later signed ES-05 Raven AESA radar partnership with SELEX Galileo for Gripen NG.
Gripen NG Demo roll out in 2008.

Thailand buys initial 6 unit of JAS-39 C/D in 2008. Thailand later exercise to buys 2nd set of 6 JAS-39 C/D Gripen in 2010.

In 2012, Swiss picked JAS-39 E/F (NG) with joint development with Swedish government.

Design Characteristic

JAS-39 Gripen is excellent lightweight fighter with attractive flyaway costs & great performance. It canard design allows for quick maneuvers allowing to take advantage of Helmet Mounted-Sight in combination with Short Range Air-Air Missiles. It's power to weight ratio is very good. PS-05 mechanically scanned radar used for C/D version.
It short take-off & landing capability ease for operational in any field / highways. Gripen also had very attractive lifetime operational costs.

Main Features

Gripen is powered by 1 x GE F-404 (C/D version) which similar with Boeing F/A-18 Hornet (A/B/C/D). It's also equipped with in-flight refueling probe for air-to-air refueling & 320 gallons drop tanks.

Weapons & Targeting Systems

Gripen can widely install with variety of weapons/missiles with integration of missiles / weapons from American / Europe / Israel / South Africa.

For air-to-air mission, AIM-9M Sidewinder ASRAAM / A-Darter SRAAM / IRIS-T SRAAM can fitted for short range air-to-air engagement. For medium range air-to-air engagement (BVR) it can be fitted with AIM-120 C5 AMRAAM. Meteor long-range air-air missiles still on testing period for long range mission.

In air-to-ground mission, GBU-10/12/16 Paveway laser-guided bombs (500 lbs - 2000 lbs), GBU-49 Enhanced Paveway with laser / GPS guided bombs, DWS39 Mjolner gliding submunition dispenser & GBU-39 Small Diameter Bomb (in-progress).

AGM-65 Maverick short-range strike missiles, RBS-15 anti-ship missile & Taurus KEPD 350 stand-off missile can be use for surface / anti-ship / bunker.

For surveillance & targeting pods, LITENING-III surveillance & targeting pod can be fix. For reconnaissance mission, EDS/TERMA MRP 39 Reconnaissance pod, Thales DJRP Reconnaissance pod & ReeceLite reconnaissance pod can be used.

Export / Users Country

Beside Sweden, others countries that using JAS-39 C/D version is South Africa, Hungary, Czech Republic, Thailand & the latest country was Swiss that become the first customer for JAS-39 E/F upgraded version.

SAAB also extensively promoted JAS-39 NG @ E/F for country like India, Brazil, Poland, Malaysia etc.

Improved / Upgraded JAS-39 NG (E/F)

Upgraded version JAS-39 NG (E/F) incorporated new sensors set, avionics & mission computers. The new Gripen NG fitted with next-generation AESA ES-05 Raven radar which offers substantial improvements in detection, resolution, versatility & lowest maintenance costs. The new AESA radar incorporated an IFF (identified friend or foe), increasing total field of view & improving a lock, fire & leaves maneuvers.

For sensors, Skyward-G IRST system was fitted. It's can use against some ground targets & all aerial targets with low observable radar stealth aircraft. Skyward-G IRST can integrated with medium long-range infra-red guided missile like MICA-IR / NCADE. It can provide missile guidance without triggering radar warning receiver of target aircraft.

Link-16 situation awareness was upgrade with the ability to share data with other types of aircraft, air defense radars, ships etc.
EW / ECM is another component of situational awareness that was included in upgrading works.

Payloads for Gripen E/F also increase. 10 hard points compare to 8 hard points (Gripen C/D) to carry weapons and fuel. Maximum payload was increase to 6,000 kg from 5,000 kg (Gripen C/D).
Fuel loaded was increase to extend combat air patrol to 1,300 km & unrefueled range to 2,500 km. New 450 gallons under wing drop tanks ( units) can increase E/F variant range to 4,075 km.

New engines, more powerful GE F-414G uprated engines (Volvo Aero partnership with GE) used for Gripen E/F. It's a variant of the engines that used in Super Hornet which modified for single engine operation with Full Authority Digital Electronic Control (FADEC).

Gripen NG equipped with full loaded weapons, pods & fuel tanks

Monday, November 12, 2012

Sukhoi SU-30MKM Multi-role Fighter

In August 2003, Malaysian government signed a contract for 18 SU-30MKM with Irkut Aircraft Production worth $900 million USD.

SU-30MKM/MKI is an advanced variant of SU-30MK/MKK fighter jets, which performance consider improved. It's design was added with canard.
On May 2007, a roll-out and demonstration ceremony for initial of 2 SU-30MKM was held at Irkut Aviation Plant.
F/A-18F Super Hornet is the main contender during tender evaluation process. MKM stand for Modernizirovannyi Kommercheskiy Malaysia - Modernised Export Malaysia. It's strongly similar with SU-30MKI with substantial advanced from original SU-30KI export version which maintaining basic air-frame but incorporating numbers of advance system from SU-35/37 project.

SU-30MKM/MKI can category as Super-maneuver via digital Fly-by-Wire, canards & 2 x TVC Lyulka AL-31FP (+/- 15 degree) engines producing 27,500 lbs thrust each with afterburners. SU-30MKM can reach 3,000km maximum range without re-fueling & 5,200km with in-flight refueling & maximum speed of Mach 2.35 (2,150 km) at altitude with 17,500m ceiling. It has an advanced in close-in fights where pilot can rapidly point the plane at potential targets then use R-73 / AA-11 Archers SRAAM with IR seeker, launch & quickly change direction to avoid from enemy aircraft target/attack.


It's equipped with NIIP N011M BARS phased array radar for long range aerial combat which can track up to 15 targets & engage 4 targets simultaneously.
For EWS (Electronic Warner System), Optic-Location System (OLS) with laser range-finder (manufactured by Russian) was fitted.

SU-30MKM was a multi-role fighter aircraft with ground attack capabilities and integrated with Thales Damocles Laser Designation Pod (Thales) surveillance & targeting pod that will improve capability for precision ground attack. It also equipped with rear facing radar, HUD (Thales), NAVFLIR (Navigation Forward Looking Infra-red) (French). Missile Approaches Warning System (MAWS) & laser warning sensor (LWS) supplied by SAAB Avitronics of South Africa.

Weapons System

SU-30 MKM can carry a wide range of weapon loads (up to 8,000 kg) under it's 12 hard points.

Munition - Guided bombs (KAB-500 / KAB-500KR / KAB-1500KR / KAB-1500K), 80mm & 130mm rocket pods & S-25 250mm rocket.

Air-to-Air Missiles - It can bring 2 x R-77 (RVV-AE) / AA-12 Adder which can launch simultaneously to engage 2 targets at the same time, 6 x R-27E (AA-10 C Alamo C) / R-27 TE (AA-10D Alamo D) medium range air-to-air missiles where it can be loaded with 2 x AA-10D with 6 x R-73E infra-red SRAAM in a mission.

Air-to-Surface missiles - 4 x anti-radiation missiles, 6 x laser guided SRAAM with TV control homing. For long range anti-surface, Kh-29 (AS-14 Kedge) with 317 kg warhead (TV homing guide) which stand-off launch range of 120 km, Zvezda Kh-31A (AS-17 Krypton) / Raduga 3M80E Moskit

Standard aerial weapon for beyond visual range engagement is AA-12 Adder / R-77 AMRAAMski. It also can carry IR guided AA-10 Alamo that provide no advance lock-on warning & could even equipped with long-range 'AWACS-killer' (KS-172 Novator) missiles.

For strike mission it can carry large loads (up to 8,000 kg) on 12 external hard points & diverse weapon loads for quite good radius range (up to 350 km).

Many military observers consider SU-30MKI/MKM was superior to all US fighter aircraft except F-22 Raptor. This included F/A-18 E/F Super Hornets & F-15 SG.

The main difference between SU-30MKM/MKI versions was SU-30MKI uses Israel avionics, ECM & LITENING targeting pods where SU-30MKM uses original Russian avionics with French Thales HUD, NAVFLIR & Damocles targeting pod & South Africa Avitronics for MAWS (missile approaches warning system) & laser warning receiver.

Integration of weapons, radar & avionics system was successfully test on SU-30MKM.

Later variant of SU-30MKI, SU-30MKI Mk.3 will be equipped with on-board HUMS (Health-and-usage Monitoring System) from South Africa Aerospace Monitoring and System (AMS) which provide hand-off monitoring of various component. It was reported that India new SU-30MKI Mk3 will be equipped with new NPO Saturn 117S turbofan engines & Tikhomirov NIIP Irbis E PESA radar (similar with SU-35S) or Phazotron Zhuk-AE AESA radar which will integrate with Brahmos anti-ship/surface cruise missile.

                                                                RMAF SU-30MKM

Saturday, November 10, 2012

Sukhoi SU-35S Multi-Role Fighter

SU-35S is advance variant of SU-30MKI. It's single-seat aircraft without canard fore-planes like SU-30MKI/MKM. It's design was lighter air frame, enlarge fan & engine inlets. SU-35S manufacture by KnaaPO aircraft production. It is design for air superiority & ground / surface attack for day / night mission.
New and lighter system was used including quadraple-digital FBW flight control system for superior aircraft maneuver.

SU-35S capable of carrying awesome weapon load (up to 8 tonnes) of guided and unguided air-air and air-ground weapon / missiles on 12 external hard points.

This aircraft powered by 2 x NPO Saturn / Ufa MPO 117S engines (improved AL-37FU) that produce 142 - 147 kN) with full 360 degree TVC. With extension of high-lift devices with large flaperon occupying the full trailing edge of the wing will improve aircraft maneuver.

SU-35S fixed with new N035 Irbis E PESA (Passive Electronically Scan Array) radar which is an improved variant of N011 M Bars use on SU-30MKI/MKM. Irbis E can detect & track up to 30 air targets and simultaneously engage up to 8 target. It also can detect, choose & tarck up to 4 ground targets up to 400km range. Rear-looking self-defense radar fixed in shorter tail sting.

For Electronic Warfare Defense System, L175 M Khibiny-M was fixed.

Sunday, November 4, 2012

F-16 E/F Block 60 (Desert Falcon)

F-16 E/F Block 60 aka 'Desert Falcon' is the most advanced F-16 fighter jets in the world. F-16 E/F Block 60 is a generation ahead of the F-16 C/D Block 50/52 fighter jets. UAE invested money for R&D of F-16 E/F Block 60 also known as "Desert Falcon".

It can carry more fuel and allow around 40% range increase to improve mission radius to 1,025 miles. New engine, GE F110-GE-132 turbofan jet engine can produce up to 32,500 lbs thrust to commensurate plane increase weight. This engine is a derivative of proven F110-GE-129 (29,000 lbs thrust).

Most significance changes / improvements for F-16 E/F are electronics. Northrop Grumman AN/APG-80 AESA radar was the first AESA radar use in air force (UAE) beside USAF. AESA radars have more power, better range, less sidelobe / leakage, better reliability & much better combat availability more capability through software improvements compare to previous mechanical scan AN/APG-68v9 that equip most advance F-16 C/D Block 50/52.
APG-80 can perform simultaneously air & ground scan, track & targeting. An agile beam will reduces the odds of detection by enemy aircraft when radar is on.

New targeting pod, AN/ASQ IFTS, derived from LITENING AT targeting pod. IFTS targeting pod was internally positioned which can reduces drag of radar signature and free space for weapons pylon. It can use to find aerial targets and ground targets.

Advance Electronic Countermeasures System known as "Falcon Edge" Integrated Electronic Warfare System (IEWS) provides advance warning capability and automatic countermeasures release.
Helmet-Mounted Sight (HMS) provides advance capabilities with their most modern counterparts and displays information from the aircraft radar and sensors.
Avionics improvement through advanced mission computers to enhance sensor & weapon integration on colour display cockpit.  

F-16 E/F Block 60 Development

First flight of F-16 E/F Block 60 was in December 2003 and the first Desert Falcon arrived in UAE in 2005.
Variant of F-16 E/F widely promote for a few international tender like India MMRCA (F-16 IN) & Brazil FX (F-16 BR).


F-16 E/F Desert Falcon can carry AIM-120 C7 AMRAAM missile, AIM-9X ASRAAM missile, JDAM DPS-guided bombs, Paveway III dual laser/GPS guided bombs, GBU-12 Paveway II laser guidance bombs & M61A 20mm cannon.